As we get older, our body goes through a lot of changes, and it is a part of life. Those changes can evolve to the point where we start to lose control of some parts of our body. This being said, the renal system it’s a compound of structures design for the process and elimination of urine, this substance its storage in the bladder and before being eliminated, it travels throughout the urethra. Surrounding the urethra, we found the ureteral sphincter when stimulated, the muscles and nervous signals work hand in hand to prevent the urine from going outside of the body.
What is Male Urine Incontinence?
Male urine incontinence it’s the accidental scape of urine, which can be presented as a sign that something it’s affecting some part of the renal system. When we have to pee, nervous signals stimulate the muscles that surround the bladder making it contract, this causes that the urine goes out of the bladder and enters the urethra.
As the bladder is contracting, the muscles surrounding the urethra start relaxing, allowing the urine to go through the urethra and outside of the body. Knowing this it’s important because if some part of this system fails, the incontinence starts manifesting.
The bottom line is there are many mechanisms that can develop these symptoms; starting at the top, the bladder can produce involuntary contractions that can squeeze the urine to hard down the track; the muscles that surround the urethra don’t work in the proper way; or the urinary tract didn’t form correctly in utero; and sometimes it could be affected after a surgery.
What are the causes of male urine incontinence?
There’s a lot of causes for male urine incontinence and can be related to day to day activities or habits that we can develop. Some foods and drinks can have a diuretic effect, increasing the production of urine and the stimulation of the bladder. In this group, we can find alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, and foods that contain great amounts of salt, citric, or acid. There are also some medications, like the, once used for the control of high blood pressure, some sedatives and muscle relaxants and large amounts of vitamins like a vitamin.
Physiologically, as we get older, the bladder stars losing his capability to storage urine caused mainly for early contractions of the bladder. Also, older males often suffer from an enlarged prostate, produce by the enlargement of the prostate gland, a condition that is also related to male urine incontinence. In the case of prostate cancer, some treatments can also develop these symptoms.
We can also find some medical conditions that can cause the body to develop male urine incontinence like the colonization of the urinal track from pathological agents that can cause an irritation of the bladder and increase the need to urinate and even the inability to hold urine in the urethra. This urge can also be increased when we go through constipation when the hard feces overexcite the nerves that are shared between the rectum and the bladder.
Sometimes this condition can be permanent, being neurological disorders, which interfere with the neurological signals the main reason. In this group, we can find multiple sclerosis, spinal lesions, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, or brain tumors.
Which types of incontinence can we find?
In general, we can find four types of urine incontinence, and this classification applies to both male and female:
– Stress Incontinence, it’s associated with maneuvers that increase body pressures, known as Valsalva maneuvers, like coughing, sneezing or laughing, this increase of pressure pushes the bladder content down the urethra and outside the body.
– Urge incontinence can be found in those individuals that present some pathological condition such as diabetes, infections, or some neurological disorders. In this type, you can develop a frequent urge to urinate that ends in an involuntary elimination of urine, which are presented all day and even the nights.
– Overflow incontinence it’s one of the most uncomfortable for the patients, it’s is caused by an incomplete emptiness of the bladder, leaving the patient with post fictional residue.
– Functional Incontinence includes all the situations, this being mental or physical, in which the act of going to the bathroom, it’s frustrated.
What complications can be related to the male urine incontinence?
Even though talking about urine incontinence can be difficult, it is important to look for help once it presents itself, this way we can avoid complications that can worsen our health. Some of these are:
Urine can be an irritating element for the skin, urine incontinence can be a source of multiple infections of the skin, which most of the time manifest as rashes and sores.
Urinary tract infections
The frequency of this infection can increase with incontinence.
Incontinence can be a risk factor for the developing of mental health diseases because it can have a great impact on the day to day life and our personal relationships.
What can I do to prevent male urine incontinence?
To avoid this pathology, it is necessary to make lifestyle changes in our day to day life. A healthy diet can prevent urine incontinence, and it is important to increase the consumption of fiber and avoid substances such as caffeine, alcohol of foods with great content of salt an acid. In the end, the most important thing to do it’s acknowledged that the problem it’s there and look for help.