Pregnancy occurs if the sperm meets the egg. It begins from the moment the fertilized egg is implanted into the uterus. And a woman can get pregnant a
Pregnancy occurs if the sperm meets the egg. It begins from the moment the fertilized egg is implanted into the uterus. And a woman can get pregnant about 2 to 3 weeks after having sexual intercourse.
But the question is, can a woman get pregnant even if a man has zero sperm count? In this article, we will discuss what it means if a man has zero sperm count and determine whether or not a woman can get pregnant.
Before we understand the condition of having zero sperm count, it is good to understand how sperm are produced.
Sperm starts their journey in the testicles. Since sperm are quite sensitive to the heat, the testicles are located slightly outside the body. On the other hand, your body temperature is high in order for the sperm to survive.
Sperm develop in the seminiferous tubules. They start as tiny round cells and mature when they are exposed to hormones such as testosterone, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone.
From the time they are matured, they move to the epididymis and continue to grow further. The sperm then travel to the vas deferens, down to the seminal vesicle, and the prostate gland.
During ejaculation, the sperm moves from the prostate gland to the urethra and eventually through the penis.
What Happens if a Man Has Zero Sperm Count?
Sperm is only a part of the semen. There are instances when a man doesn’t have sperm in his semen. This condition is referred to as azoospermia. In fact, around 1 percent of men, and around 15 percent of infertile men, have this kind of condition.
You may not feel some physical symptoms if you have zero sperm count, but you will only notice this if you are not capable of making your partner get pregnant despite conceptions. Azoospermia may be the cause of this.
Causes of Azoospermia
If you have zero sperm count, your testicles may be having a hard time to make some sperm or maybe, it stops making. There are three kinds of azoospermia- pre-testicular, testicular, and post-testicular.
Pretesticular Azoospermia. This occurs if your testicles have no problem at all, but your body is not capable of allowing them to make sperm. This may be due to low levels of hormone or the effects of chemotherapy. This condition is quite rare.
Testicular Azoospermia. This occurs if your testicles are damaged, which makes them unable to make sperm. Your testicles may be damaged due to an infection, illness, injury, cancer, condition, or treatments.
Post-testicular Azoospermia. This occurs even if your testicles can produce sperm. But, something, such as a blockage, vasectomy, or retrograde ejaculation, keeps sperm from getting out.
Can a Man with Azoospermia Get a Woman Pregnant?
Depending on the diagnosis of your doctor, you may or may not impregnate your partner. Your doctor can determine the cause and the possible treatment of your condition. And if the treatment option available for you is successful, then there is a great chance for you to make your partner get pregnant.
There are various treatments if you want your partner to get pregnant even if you have azoospermia. Actually, the treatment depends upon the kind of azoospermia you have.
For instance, if you have an obstructive type of azoospermia, then your doctor may recommend the blockage to be removed. It is noteworthy that the earlier you discover the blockage, the more likely the treatment will be successful, and this means that you can get a woman pregnant.
Surgery can enable blocked tubes in your reproductive tract to be fixed as well as be connected in case these are not developed due to genetic conditions or defects. This may effectively and safely restore the flow of your sperm that is needed for your partner to get pregnant.
Anyway, if it is not possible for you to have surgical reconstruction, you can choose another option, such as extracting sperm from the vas deferens, epididymis, or testicles.
The sperm extracted will then be used via in-vitro fertilization (IVF).
If the azoospermia is non-obstructive, your doctor may recommend sperm retrieval. Before the retrieval, he will prescribe supplements like Male UltraCore in order to stimulate the production of sperms.
This may also be applicable if you don’t want to undergo surgery even if you have a blockage. The procedure may involve the usage of a tiny needle for drawing the sperm from the testicle. The sample will then be used for IVF, as mentioned above.
Furthermore, your sperm can be retrieved at the same time if you undergo a testicular biopsy. This means that you no longer need to have a second surgery. Anyway, just don’t give up on having a child.
It is worth noting that even if your ejaculate has no sperm, it may be found in your testicles, and this can be taken and utilized for IVF. But if these treatments are not possible, you may have other options to have a child, such as using an embryo donor or a sperm donor or even pursuing an adoption.
A zero sperm count is an indication that you are suffering from a condition called azoospermia. Even if you have zero sperm count, you have the chance to let your partner pregnant. But if the treatment available may not be possible for you, there are still chances to have a child, such as having a sperm or embryo donor.
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