According to the Endocrine Society, normal testosterone level range between 300 ng/dl and 1000 ng/dl. When your levels go below 300 ng/dl, you have low testosterone. When they exceed 1000 ng/dl, you have excess testosterone. Cases of low testosterone are popular in today’s society. According to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 11% of men in the US have low testosterone. The research was done on men between the ages of 30 and 79.
There are rare cases of too much testosterone. The brain controls the amount of testosterone produced in the testes. It knows when the levels are low and triggers more production to keep the level at reasonable amounts. Certain conditions such as abnormalities caused by prostate tumors may lead to the production of excess testosterone. These tumors affect the pituitary glands in the brain. The pituitary glands are unable to produce luteinizing and follicle hormones which are responsible for the control in the production of hormones. As a result, the brain is not able to control the amount of testosterone produced.
Studies reveal that excess testosterone is usually visible in young children, bringing about early puberty. Mature men may not experience signs of excess testosterone since they have surpassed the puberty stage.
Effects of Excess Testosterone
Although high levels of testosterone are rare, they have several side effects. These effects vary depending on the age of the affected person. Other than abnormalities, testosterone replacement therapy also supports the production of too much testosterone. The following are the effects of excess testosterone:
A. Increased Estrogen
When excess testosterone is produced, it is not utilized in the body wholly. The extra testosterone is converted to estrogen. Estrogen is a hormone that dominates women; it gives them their feminine physique. When its levels rise in your body, you start experiencing female characteristics; you become moody, your blood pressure rises, your breast gets sensitive and tender. High estrogen also affects your decision making capacity.
B. Excess Red Blood Cells
Red blood cells help in the clotting of blood when we sustain injuries. When we have enough in our bodies, we do not suffer too much bleeding. Although platelets are known to carry out this function, red blood cells also assist in hemostasis. Testosterone triggers the production of red blood cells. When this hormone is in excess, there will also be excess production of the red blood cells.
When there are more than the necessary amount, it thickens the blood and they cause clots in the bloodstream. These clots put you at high risk of getting a cardiac arrest.
C. Shrinking of Testicles
Testicles house the production of testosterone. They should be large enough to accommodate the process. When there is excess testosterone, the brain senses the level and stops its production. The testicles will become dormant; they will shrink to cater for the available hormone capacity. If you have a broad body and your testicles shrink, you will look unproportioned. Consider talking to your endocrinologist about this effect.
D. Oily Face and Acne
Excess testosterone in the body triggers the production of the DHT hormone. This hormone leads to the development of acne and oily face.
Your face becomes extremely shiny and pimples, that do not go away, forms. Although they appear on the surface, they are not itchy.
It may be uncomfortable for you as a man. To control this effect, there is the specific medication you get from your physician once you start your testosterone therapy.
E. Loss of Hair
Baldness is associated with genetic composition. When you come from a family where your parent or grandparent is bald, you have high chances of becoming bald. Apart from genetic composition, loss of hair is linked with excess testosterone. Excessive production of testosterone stimulates the production of DHT. This hormone is associated with hair loss.
DHT shrinks the follicles responsible for hair growth. The time your hair could take to grow is extended. After some time, hair completely stops growing in some parts of your head. To prevent baldness, consider your family history and share it with your urologist.
Testosterone is responsible for the production of sperm. When produced in excess, the brain stops its production. Production of sperm is proportional to the amount of testosterone in your body. When the production of testosterone is stopped, it affects the production of sperm as well. Your sperm count starts to decrease. If the situation is not controlled on time, your sperm count drops to extreme levels.
Such levels affect your ability to have children. You become infertile. You can prevent infertility caused by excess testosterone by having regular check-ups. When your physician finds a difference in the rate of testosterone production, they should know how to handle the situation.
Although excess production of testosterone in the body is rare, it still exists. This possibility should never be overlooked. If you are about to undergo a testosterone replacement therapy, make sure you follow your urologist’s advice to the letter. Pre-screening processes are important. Do not assume all is well when the therapy is carried out. Endeavor to carry a post checkup as is required of you.
Your endocrinologist can monitor the levels of your testosterone. If they tend to be increasing at an abnormal rate, they will devise ways to keep them under control and at the necessary amount. It will minimize your chances of having to deal with effects that come along with excess production of testosterone.