Every year, approximately 11,500 men in the United Kingdom and 29,500 men in the United States die of prostate cancer. Because of how dangerous it is
Every year, approximately 11,500 men in the United Kingdom and 29,500 men in the United States die of prostate cancer. Because of how dangerous it is, it is important to spread awareness about it, and help men find ways to protect themselves from it.
In the early stages, prostate cancer does not usually cause noticeable signs and symptoms. Once the cancer strikes your prostate, which is a walnut-sized gland that facilitates semen production and sperm transport, the growth and spread occurs very slowly. That is the reason why a lot of men do not know that they have it until it is almost already too late.
What common signs and symptoms of prostate cancer should you watch out for?
A significant percentage of prostate cancer cases do not involve visible signs and symptoms, especially during the early stages. However, once the prostate gland swells to an uncomfortable size, you may encounter the following pains and discomforts:
- Needing to urinate more frequently than usual
- Pain when urinating
- Weak urine stream
- Blood traces in the semen
- Pelvic pain
- Bone pain
- Trouble getting and/or maintaining erections
- Reduced libido or sex drive
Once you notice these signs and symptoms, you have to go see your doctor right away. Getting a diagnosis at the earliest opportunity allows you to receive the appropriate treatment for it before things get a lot whole worse.
What are the causes of prostate cancer?
Health professionals cannot give a straight and direct answer if asked what really causes prostate cancer. What they do know is that this disease occurs when cells in the prostate gland develop abnormalities and mutate. As a result of this event, the abnormal cells grow and multiply at a very fast rate, and can even spread to the surrounding body parts.
What are the risk factors of prostate cancer?
Even though prostate cancer can strike any man, it is more likely to afflict individuals that possess the following traits:
Men who are older have a greater risk of prostate cancer than those who are younger. According to research, most prostate cancer patients are actually men who are 50 years old and older. If you want to protect yourself, you have to regularly visit your doctor and get a prostate exam. By doing so, any abnormalities or changes in your prostate can be detected early on.
Some races are more likely to develop prostate cancer than others. Certain studies have found that black men have a highest risk of this disease, while Asian men have the lowest. If you are wondering why that is, medical experts do not know the answer up to this day.
Being overweight or obese
If you are packing excess weight and fat, your chances of developing prostate cancer are high. In addition to that, your risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart attack, stroke, and other health problems are also great. For the sake of your health, you should start to lose weight by eating a healthy and balanced diet and exercising regularly.
If any of your male family members or relatives, such as your grandfather, father, uncle, or brother, has had prostate cancer, your odds of having the illness is much higher than others who do not have male relatives afflicted with it. In addition to that, if you have a history of breast cancer in the family, your risk of prostate cancer increases.
There was a study that found that men who live in the rural parts of China had a 2% chance of developing prostate cancer. However, when they moved to the west, their risk increased significantly. In another research, men in the United States have a 17% risk of prostate cancer on average, but those who live in the northern parts of Utah and Ohio have the greatest risk of dying from it.
What should you do to protect yourself from prostate cancer?
To lower your risk of getting prostate cancer, it is vital to live a healthy lifestyle. The following are highly recommended changes that you should do starting today to avoid the dangers of prostate cancer:
1. You should eat a healthy and nutritious diet
It is essential that you eat foods that are loaded with essential vitamins and minerals that can help facilitate your different bodily functions and processes. You have to include more fruits and vegetables to your daily meal plans, and get rid of foods that are high in unhealthy fats, carbohydrates, sugars, and salt. You also have to limit your alcohol consumption. If you are used to eating out at fast foods and similar places, or drinking alcohol every single night, it will be difficult at first, but you have to always think about the health benefits you can reap from this major lifestyle overhaul.
2. Be more physically active
Your body needs physical activity to keep it in good shape for a long time. If you exercise on a regular basis, losing weight or maintaining your weight will be easier. You can work your heart, lungs, bones, and muscles, and boost your strength, stamina, endurance, and flexibility. You can also enhance your hormone production, most particularly your testosterone, and improve your sex drive, mood, and other functions.
3. Go to your doctor
Because prostate cancer can sometimes be difficult to detect, regularly visits to the doctor is a must. In many cases, prostate cancer does not bring about signs and symptoms that you can see with the naked eye, so it is able to hide and bide its time. You may only realize that you have it once you begin to experience severe complications, such as when the cancer spreads to your bones, liver, or lymph nodes. To diagnose prostate cancer, various tests are conducted, such as the prostate-specific antigen test or PSA test and the digital rectal exam or DRE. If you get a positive test result, you should not hesitate to discuss with your doctor what treatment option is best for you.